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Causes of birth trauma

The Real Causes of Birth Trauma Pregnancy & Birt

She studies birth trauma extensively, and points out on her birth trauma resource website that the causes of maternal birth trauma are primarily situational, just like any other trauma. She also states that the primary determinant of trauma and PTSD is the severity of the traumatic event, and not the history of prior trauma Causes of birth asphyxia and trauma were determined in the 208 most severely affected infants of 10,995 consecutive live births; 159 infants had cerebral disturbances, 39 had fractures and palsies, and 10 had fractures or palsies in addition to cerebral disturbances Per Stanford's Lucile Packard Children's Hospital the most common conditions that cause birth trauma include: Babies that weigh over 8 pounds, 13 ounces (4,000 grams) Babies born before the 37th week of pregnancy The mother's pelvis may have the wrong shape or size for a safe deliver Common Conditions That Cause Birth Trauma . 0. Every hour of every day, approximately three newborns are injured during the birthing process. Sometimes, the injury is so severe the baby is stillborn or dies shortly after birth. Others suffer minor injuries and recover and return to normal within days or weeks Sometimes during the birth process, the baby may suffer a physical injury that is simply the result of being born. This is sometimes called birth trauma or birth injury. What causes birth injury? A difficult birth or injury to the baby can occur because of the baby's size or the position of the baby during labor and delivery

The most common reason for birth trauma is the size of the baby, typically when the baby is too large as compared to the pelvic area of the mother. Other factors that can cause birth trauma are: Dystocia or difficult birth Birth trauma causes The birth process is a blend of compression, contractions, torques, and traction. When fetal size, presentation, or neurologic immaturity complicates this event, such intrapartum forces may lead to tissue damage, edema, hemorrhage, or fracture in the neonate

The authors asked more than 2,000 women who reported having birth trauma to share what they thought caused or contributed to it. The answers that received the greatest responses were lack or loss.. Postnatal post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a type of anxiety disorder. It is also known as birth trauma. You may develop postnatal PTSD if you experience traumatic events during labour or childbirth Traumatic birth injuries are caused by situations during labor and delivery that put excessive physical pressure on the baby's body. This often comes as a result of a discrepancy between the size of the mother's birth canal and the size or position of the baby during labor and delivery (1) Trauma Maternal Birth Trauma and PTSD Understanding what it is and how it can cause PTSD. Posted May 29, 202

Causes of birth asphyxia and trauma - PubMe

In most cases, what makes birth traumatic is the fear that you or your baby are going to die. We very often see birth trauma in women who have lost a lot of blood, for example, or who had to have an emergency caesarean because their baby's heartrate suddenly dipped. You can download our leaflet on coping with a difficult birth here The really good news is that clearing the birth trauma with AIT is quite simple and straightforward, and once the early traumas and their links to presenting problems are cleared, and the blueprint is recreated with a clear, conscious mind, the client is able to let go of lifelong symptoms, such as excessive anxiety, fear of abandonment, anger. Acquired CP. A small percentage of CP is caused by brain damage that occurs more than 28 days after birth. This is called acquired CP, and usually is associated with an infection (such as meningitis) or head injury.. Causes. Some causes of acquired CP are Birth is a relational dance between mom and baby. Some causes of birth trauma: • Life/death situations. • Being born quickly. • A long labor. • The cord around the neck. • Getting stuck for a long time. • Medical interventions can traumatize babies, and this will depend on how they were administered, how much was given, how. A birth trauma can be both an emotional and daunting experience for all family members. Anyone who has been the victim of a birth trauma that has resulted in a head injury, birth injury, or cerebral palsy diagnosis, as the result of medical negligence, is eligible to recover medical and hospital expenses to cover the care of the child

Birth Trauma Birth Injury Guid

  1. The term birth trauma specifically refers to adverse experiences one has during birth, but any traumatic events that take place between conception and about the age of three have particular significance in shaping an individual's life
  2. Giving birth can be one of the most painful experiences in a woman's life, yet the long-term effects that trauma can have on millions of new mothers are still largely ignored
  3. A birth injury generally refers to some type of serious physical damage and injury inflicted on an otherwise healthy infant during the labor and delivery process. A birth injury is therefore different from a birth defect in that birth defects are genetically inherited abnormalities that are written into an infant's DNA
  4. It results from greater trauma and is characterized by a fluctuant mass over the entire scalp, including the temporal regions, and manifests in the first few hours after birth. This potential space under the scalp is large, and there can be significant blood loss and hemorrhagic shock, which may require a blood transfusion
  5. A birth injury is an injury to an infant during the birthing process. These injuries can be caused by illness, difficult labor or medical malpractice. Some birth injuries are temporary and resolve relatively quickly, while others are debilitating both physically and neurologically and can last a lifetime
  6. This is sometimes called birth trauma or birth injury. What causes birth injury? A difficult birth or injury to the baby can occur because of the baby's size or the position of the baby during labor and delivery. Conditions that may be linked to a difficult birth include: Large babies. Birthweight over about 8 pounds, 13 ounces (4,000 grams.

Common Conditions That Cause Birth Trauma Raynes Lawn

Birth trauma refers to damage of the tissues and organs of a newly delivered child, often as a result of physical pressure or trauma during childbirth. The term also encompasses the long term consequences, often of cognitive nature, of damage to the brain or cranium Birth injury causes can vary. Sometimes they are caused by unforeseen complications. In other instances, there is a definite cause and a person to blame. Causes may include a failure of a doctor to perform a Cesarean section or improper use of instruments like forceps, Other reasons include illness in the mother or a condition in the baby at.

Birth is a relational dance between mom and baby. Some causes of birth trauma: • Life/death situations. • Being born quickly. • A long labor. • The cord around the neck. • Getting stuck for a long time. • Medical interventions can traumatize babies, and this will depend on how they were administered, how much was given, how. Vaginal birth may cause trauma to your cervix. Giving birth more than once may increase your risk of cervical tears during labor, and dilation and curettage (D&C) from an abortion or miscarriage may also cause cervical trauma. Make an appointment if you're experiencing pelvic pain, discomfort, or unusual bleeding. Dr Birth asphyxia is a general term for any injury that causes oxygen deprivation before or during birth. It can be caused by several different events, including umbilical prolapse (when the umbilical travels through the birth canal first), placental abruption (when the placenta detaches too early), shoulder dystocia (more on that below), or. Birth Injuries in Newborns. Birth injury is damage that occurs as a result of physical pressure during the birthing process, usually during transit through the birth canal. Many newborns have minor injuries during birth. Infrequently, nerves are damaged or bones are broken. Most injuries resolve without treatment

The trauma associated with a difficult birth becomes imprinted on the as-yet immature mind of the newborn. Although the infant has an unconscious mind, these early experiences become the blueprint on which future psychological development takes place. Psychologists believe children who had difficult births are more likely to be angry. In the case of adoption this connective disruption has an impact on the brain and body. Paula T writes for Birth Psychology, Early pre- and post-natal experiences, including early trauma. Childbirth could be experienced as distressing or even traumatic for some women, which might produce undesirable marks on their lives. A traumatic childbirth could cause psychological distress, intense fear, or helplessness for the parturient and increases the risk of anxiety, depression and even post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) [1, 2].One study showed that about 45% of women experienced.

During the birth process, the mechanical forces such as compression, traction could cause injury in newborns, and is known as the birth trauma. Usually in the course of delivery, damage of tissues or organs could happen to children because of physical pressure resulting in the birth trauma. [1] [2 Birth injuries to mothers can have many causes. Find detailed information about the most common causes and implications of childbirth injuries, plus advice about claiming compensation. Learn more about the types of injuries to mothers during child birth, including common symptoms and causes which may result from medical negligence Operative vaginal delivery has been maligned since the days of W.J. Little with the word forceps becoming nearly synonymous with Birth Injury and Cerebral Palsy. However in his presentation to the Obstetrical Society of London in 1861, Little's emphasis was on difficult labors being the culpri Can trauma cause birth defects? In every pregnancy, a woman starts out with a 3-5% chance of having a baby with a birth defect. This is called her background risk. While there are individual reports of babies born with and without birth defects following trauma, it's unclear if there is an increased risk for birth defects

Symptoms of Infant Brain Damage. Brain damage can happen either from blunt force trauma to the infant's head (less common, but possible with a forceps extraction injury), from a long labor where the brain is compressed in the birth canal for far too long, or, more likely, from a difficult labor that at one point results in the infant losing oxygen During labor or birth, pressure on a baby's face may cause the facial nerve to be injured. This may also occur with the use of forceps for delivery. The injury is often seen when the baby cries. There is no movement on the side of the face with the injury and the eye cannot be closed. If the nerve was only bruised, the paralysis usually. Birth injuries after delivery. Birth injuries resulting from medical negligence may also occur after your child is born. Some of the most common causes of post-partum birth injuries that can cause head, neck and brain trauma are Facial nerve palsy due to birth trauma is the loss of controllable (voluntary) muscle movement in an infant's face due to pressure on the facial nerve just before or at the time of birth. Causes An infant's facial nerve is also called the seventh cranial nerve Traumatic damage is only one possible cause of brain damage in infants. Perhaps even more prevalent is birth asphyxia, in which a newborn is deprived of oxygen during the labor and delivery process. Other potential causes include: jaundice. maternal infections. The symptoms of a brain injury can also change - depending on the causes and.

Birth Injuries - Stanford Children's Healt

  1. Birth Injuries Caused by Pitocin. One source of brain trauma that's associated with the occurrence of cerebral palsy is an adverse reaction to medication such as Pitocin, an artificial oxytocin analogue which is provided to mothers who may be having a hard time experiencing reliable contraction as well as pushing.While effective, Pitocin may cause a serious adverse reaction or produce.
  2. A traumatic brain injury occurs when some physical force from the outside strikes or puts pressure on the head. This may occur in an infant during childbirth because of birth injuries. The head may get stuck in the birth canal, for instance, or the doctor may use an instrument like forceps with too much force on the baby's head
  3. Some infants with this injury have more difficulty nursing on one side. These symptoms may appear immediately after birth, or several weeks later. Causes of Torticollis Injuries. Torticollis has a variety of causes aside from negligence: Misalignment of the spine in utero; Short fall (for example, from a bed or table) Sudden stops in the ca
  4. Facial Paralysis Caused by Birth Trauma. Facial paralysis or facial nerve palsy is a birth injury that often occurs as a result of trauma during birth. It is essentially the loss of voluntary muscle movement in the child's face due to pressure applied on the nerve at that location just before or at the time of birth

These factors can cause abnormal development of the brain depending on the severity of brain injury. Asphyxiation. Asphyxia is caused by a lack of oxygen flow to the brain. An early detachment of the placenta, a ruptured uterus, or a pinched umbilical cord during birth can all restrict blood flow and cause oxygen deprivation (hypoxia). Brain. Birth injury or trauma increased autism risk fivefold. think it is important to note that because a factor is associated with increased risk, it does not necessarily mean it causes autism.

Common injuries that occur during childbirth include physical head trauma and brain bleeds. Birth Injury Causes. Birth injuries can be a result of brain damage caused by several risk factors and conditions during childbirth. Each cause is distinct and can lead to different types of birth injuries A child can die from a birth injury, or become permanently disabled and require life-long care. The physical, emotional, and financial hardships endured by the parents, siblings, grandparents, and other loved ones of a child injured at birth can be overwhelming and devastating. What Are Common Causes of Birth Injury and Birth Trauma Common causes of brain injury at birth. If the brain does not develop properly or if there is damage to the developing brain, this may cause a wide range of physical problems, in addition to behavioural and learning difficulties. The most common brain injury related to birth trauma is Cerebral Palsy. Cerebral Palsy can occur before birth. If the excessive uterine contractions and low oxygenation to the baby continue and become severe enough, the baby develops hypoxia (low oxygen levels), acidosis, and even birth asphyxia. The acidosis and birth asphyxia can cause hypoxic-ischemic brain injury, which may result in seizures, developmental delays, and cerebral palsy In adults, nerve damage is usually the result of a traumatic injury. Similarly, delivery-related physical trauma can cause nerve damage in infants. Delivery is a rough ride. The baby has to squeeze through a narrow opening in the pelvis and then the birth canal. Sometimes, the baby needs a little help making the journey

Hypoxic brain injury sparing the posterior circulation

Birth Injury Causes. Birth injuries can origin because of brain impairment because of various threat factors through the birth of a newly born. It might happen with extremely large fetuses. Because of this reason, when the weight of an infant is greater than 11 pounds, medics endorse Cesarean delivery You should also know that even if the SCHN is not a concern by itself, it is a marker more serious birth injuries because a co-traveler with SCHN is often a traumatic birth. Further Reading Birth-related subconjunctival and retinal haemorrhages in the Newborn Eye Screening Test (NEST) Cohort by Marco H. Ji, et. al, Eye , 2019

Call our Chicago medical malpractice attorneys at 312-462-4200 for more information on birth injury causes including cerebral palsy and fetal death. 60 W Randolph Street, Suite 400, Chicago, IL 60601. FREE CONSULTATIONS 312-462-4200 TOLL FREE 833-462-4200---Birth Injury Causes. Pregnancy, Birth and Baby — call 1800 882 436 to speak to a maternal child health nurse (7 days a week, 7am to midnight AET). The Australian Birth Trauma Association offers advice, resources and a peer-to-peer support service. The Centre of Perinatal Excellence (COPE) provides information and a list of support services However, when it comes to infant brain hemorrhages, the cause is usually a birth injury that may have been caused by several elements, such as: Blunt force trauma to the mother's belly or the newborn baby's head. The baby being dropped soon after delivery. High blood pressure in the mother that the baby has inherited Any traumatic birth injury that causes damage to the brain can result in a baby developing cerebral palsy, sometimes to a degree that means they will need a lifetime of medical and personal care. While there are some traumatic birth injuries that are unavoidable and cerebral palsy is the result, there are many situations in which the trauma. Pulling the child through the birth canal under these circumstances can cause serious injury. Instrumental Deliveries. Instrumental deliveries, also known as assisted deliveries, can exacerbate birth injuries or simply cause birth injury when used improperly. The primary tools used during instrumental deliveries are forceps and vacuum extractors

In particular, birth by cesarean section (C-section) or deliveries using forceps, vacuum extraction, or internal fetal monitoring all have an increased risk of injury. When healthcare providers use forceps or a vacuum during delivery, the baby has a five to ten times higher rate of birth trauma than a baby born by cesarean section Birth Injury During Labor. The most common cause of birth injuries is undetected or unaddressed fetal distress during labor or delivery. Failure to take proper action when fetal distress occurs can result in hypoxic brain injuries from hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and cerebral palsy Some of the most common causes include birth asphyxia, traumatic brain injuries, maternal smoking, and inadequate fetal monitoring. It can also occur as a result of the umbilical cord being pinched or prolapsed. A doctor will be able to determine the exact cause and provide essential care

Birth injuries can take many different forms. Although it is fairly uncommon, one of the most devastating conditions that may arise as a result of a birth injury is cerebral palsy (sometimes known as CP). Cerebral palsy can have a number of different causes. In some cases, the exact cause of the condition is unknown The majority of these incidents arise when a medical professional fails to properly evaluate or respond to complications during a woman's delivery. While some birth injuries are unavoidable, many can — and should — be prevented. Victims and their families may be able to recover financial compensation for medical care and emotional trauma Erb's Palsy Overview. Erb's Palsy affects the nerves within the neck that control the motions of the arm. The condition turns muscles inward toward the body, disrupting mobility.It can occur during delivery if a baby's neck is stretched unnaturally as the head and shoulders pass through the birth canal

Brain damage is an injury that causes the destruction or deterioration of brain cells.. In the U.S., every year, about 2.6 million people have some type of brain injury -- whether as a result of. She studies birth trauma extensively, and points out on her birth trauma resource website, that the causes of maternal birth trauma are primarily situational, just like any other trauma. She also states that the primary determinant of trauma and PTSD is the severity of the traumatic event, and not the history of prior trauma

Pain and trauma. When we talk about the causes of birth trauma, there are certain themes that come up repeatedly: difficult forceps births, emergency caesareans and postpartum haemorrhages, for example. But for many women, pain is an important contributing factor. When the Birth Trauma Association carried out a survey of 800 of our members over. birth as traumatic Stramrood et al. 2011, J Psychosom Ob Gyn, 32(2), 88-97 Study of 907 women in the Netherlands •218 reported traumatic births 6-8 weeks postpartum •20% had postpartum PTSD Modarres et al. 2012, BMC Preg Childbirth, 12, 88 Study in Iran of 400 women •Can childbirth cause PTSD? •Could a traumatic birth lead t Traumatic birth can also have a negative impact on breastfeeding, yet breastfeeding can also be healing for women who experienced traumatic birth. Risk factors for traumatic birth include the actions of health care providers, prior perinatal loss, history of previous abuse or trauma, and ethnicity Natural Birth Injury Causes. While natural complications can cause birth injuries, competent physicians may be able to take action to correct complications before injuries occur. If a birth injury was caused by natural complications, it may still show negligence on the part of the attending physician if it can be proven that the physician did.

Birth Trauma - Causes, Types and Symptoms - Being The Paren

Birth Trauma 16% of women have symptoms of PTSD after giving birth. About a third of women describe their births as traumatic, and 16% have trauma severe enough to warrant a PTSD diagnosis. This puts childbirth among the leading causes of PTSD and trauma. In almost all cases, the trauma is preventable Problems at birth related to lack of oxygen are not discussed in this article. Birth trauma can happen either from the pressure of a prolonged labor, the small or irregular size of the mother's pelvis, or certain delivery procedures like forceps or a vacuum to deliver the baby Birth injuries have a lot of seriousness to their nature. Unfortunately, you have cases where a birth injury has such severity that the child will suffer for the rest of his life because of it. Some of the more serious ones include paralysis or cerebral palsy. In particular, cerebral palsy can require financial help because of how this injury costs upwards of $1 million over the course of a.

Birth trauma causes, birth trauma types and birth trauma

Brachial plexus birth injury, also known as brachial plexus injury, is an injury to the brachial plexus nerves that occurs in about one to three out of every 1,000 births. The nerves of the brachial plexus may be stretched, compressed, or torn in a difficult delivery. The result might be a loss of muscle function, or even paralysis of the upper. Some babies have a more difficult trip through the birth canal than others, resulting in physical injuries. These injuries usually are not serious and clear up or improve within a few days or weeks after the birth

Medical Negligence-Associated Causes of Birth Injuries. Following is a comprehensive list of common causes of severe birth injuries, but it does not cover all possible severe complications due to medical negligence. If your child suffered a birth injury, we could help you find the answers you are searching for and the justice you deserve For example, pulling on the baby's head causes injury to the brachial plexus, and having the nurse push on the mother's belly actually pushes the baby's shoulder into the mother's pubic bone. Investigation of a Birth Injury Case by a Lawye What causes birth injury? Birth injuries can occur simply because of the pressure and resistance involved in giving birth vaginally. When the baby moves through the birth canal, there's pressure on its skull and body from the mother's pelvic bones. Large birth weight (more than 4kg) can increase the risk of injury during childbirth. There is. Birth trauma. Birth trauma might be due to one single event, or a mixture of experiences in pregnancy, during birth or after birth. It can be experienced after a physically or mentally exhausting birth, and can also be associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

One and Done: Women Are Too Traumatized by Birth to Have

Significant birth injury accounts for fewer than 2% of neonatal deaths and stillbirths in the United States; it still occurs occasionally and unavoidably, with an average of 6-8 injuries per 1000 live births. In general, larger infants are more susceptible to birth trauma. Higher rates are reported for infants who weigh more than 4500g Every birth is unique—and for some, a birth experience can be deeply troubling and even cause post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). After giving birth, many women may be left with a sense of disappointment, anger or fear. This may have happened to you The lack of this decision-making ability is what causes birth trauma. Loss of control is a hot topic when it comes to birth trauma. This is partially because loss of control is defined so differently from woman to woman. What you consider a loss of control in birth may contribute to another woman's ideal birth. The key is identifying the.

PTSD and birth trauma Mind, the mental health charity

Effects of traumatic birth. Traumatic birth affects women in different ways. It can take some time to come to terms with what has happened too (Birth Trauma Association, 2018a). Many mums find it difficult to bond with their baby to start with as the baby is a constant reminder of the trauma they have experienced (Birth Trauma Association, 2018a) A permanent brachial plexus injury takes on the name Erb's Palsy or Klumpke Palsy. Misuse of vacuum or forceps. Delivery providers will use a vacuum and/or forceps to pull a baby from the birth canal. Misuse of these tools can cause permanent brain injury from trauma or bleeding, and/or spinal cord injury. Not enough oxygen The Need for a Trauma-Informed Model of Maternity Care By Amy Meister-Stetson, CCE, CHt (Published in Squat Birth Journal Issue 21) There's an elephant in the labor room. It brings with it sadness, pain, anger and shame. It will impact most of our lives in some way and yet we often ignore the devastation it causes. The elephant is trauma What kind of birth trauma can cause facial palsy? Facial palsy due to forceps. Forceps delivery: Forceps resemble large stainless steel salad servers and have curved ends called blades. When a baby needs help being delivered, forceps may be used to help the baby along the birth canal. Most babies delivered by forceps suffer no long-term.

Some of the most common causes include birth asphyxia, traumatic brain injuries, maternal smoking, and inadequate fetal monitoring. It can also occur as a result of the umbilical cord being pinched or prolapsed. A doctor will be able to determine the exact cause and provide essential care The cause of Cerebral Palsy is a brain injury or brain malformation that occurs while the brain is developing — before, during, or after birth. As a result of the brain damage during brain development a child's muscle control, muscle coordination, muscle tone, reflex, posture and balance can be affected

Conditions that are the Cause of Paralysis in an Infant. Arteriovenous Malformations - this condition is a defect along the spinal cord due to a problem with the circulatory system which results in paralysis of one side of the body. Often occurs just before or after birth. Brachial Plexus Injuries - the brachial plexus is a network of nerves that provide signals to the shoulder, arm, and hand Birth Injury Causes FAQs Q: What is a birth injury? A: The term birth injury refers to damage or injury to the child before, during or just after the birthing process. Major birth defects are. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), the COVID-19 vaccines are safe and effective, and are an important tool for ending the global pandemic. Cesarean Section and Birth Trauma. Pregnancy, birth, and the postpartum period are milestone events in the continuum of life. These experiences profoundly affect, women, babies, fathers, and families, and have important and long-lasting effects on society. For many women childbirth is a joyous, fulfilling and empowering experience Cerebral Palsy can be caused by birth trauma when a baby is deprived of oxygen during delivery. If you have questions about a birth injury, call the experienced lawyers at The Yost Legal Group to get answers The highly experienced birth injury lawyers of Sibley Dolman Gipe Accident Injury Lawyers, PA can advise you whether you may have the right to compensation for your substantial losses. Please call us at 727-451-6900 or fill out a contact form online for a free consultation today. Sibley Dolman Gipe Accident Injury Lawyers, PA 800 North Belcher Roa

What is Birth Trauma? Causes and Preventio

Expectant parents have natural concerns about the possibility of birth defects. The celebration of the birth of a child may be disrupted by a range of difficult considerations and decisions that have to be made if a birth injury occurs. In these situations, knowing whether a birth injury may have been caused by a doctor's negligence can help parents decide the next steps Common Concerns - Causes of Birth Injury and How to Prevent Them Of the many situations that can make a birth injury more likely, many are common but often harmless. For example, birthing a larger baby can increase the risk of birth injury since they are more likely to get stuck in the birth canal, which is why it's generally recommended. In addition to these relatively minor risks, vacuum extraction and forceps delivery can cause serious birth trauma. The suction can cause bleeding in the skull or even a skull fracture. Those injuries can cause permanent brain damage and put your child at risk for lifelong physical and intellectual disabilities Helping Clients Understand Complex Birth Injury Causes Medical malpractice and negligence can cause devastating birth injuries to both mother and child. While many birth injuries are unavoidable, others are totally preventable and directly the result of negligence on the part of obstetricians, nurses and other medical professionals

Aneurysm in the brainSpider Veins - Houston, TX: Spring Branch Podiatry, PLLC

According to a recent birth injury guide, cerebral palsy is one of the most common, and often most severe, types of birth injury. Birth injuries are 33% more prevalent in rural areas than in urban areas. Approximately 50% of all birth injuries could be prevented with identification and planning for obstetrical risk factors. Main Birth Injury Causes A brain trauma that occurs during the delivery process can be caused by decreased oxygen (hypoxia) and decreased blood flow to a baby's brain (ischemia). A brain trauma during delivery is rare and usually the cause of medical negligence. If brain damage has been caused by medical negligence and a birth injury, parents who believe the hospital. Brachial plexus birth injuries may arise due to some of the following common causes: High birth weight, a breech position during birth, and an extended labor period with either blocks or other types of complications. Tears or breaks to a baby's brachial plexus nerves during delivery or labor due to excessive pulling on the head, shoulders, or.