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Proximal focal femoral deficiency classification

Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency Children's Hospital of

Abstract The term proximal focal femoral deficiency (PFFD) is applied to a spectrum of conditions characterized by partial absence and shortening of the proximal femora and thought to result from an early disturbance of growing mesenchyme Proximal femoral focal deficiency, PFFD, is a congenital anomaly of the pelvis and proximal femur which causes hip deformity and shortening and altered function of the involved lower extremity. The condition may be unilateral or bilateral and is often associated with other congenital anomalies summary Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency is a congenital condition caused by a defect in the primary ossification center of the proximal femur that may present with an absent hip, femoral neck pseudoarthrosis, absent femur, or a shortened femur. Diagnosis is made with radiographs of the hip and femur Proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD) is a relatively rare disorder involving the proximal femur and frequently the acetabulum. It occurs unilaterally more commonly than bilaterally

Congenital Femoral Deficiency (Proximal Femoral Focal

Proximal Focal Femoral Deficiency. - position and stability of the knee and foot are variable. Natural history and treatment of instability of the hip in proximal femoral focal deficiency. Talocalcaneal coalition in patients who have fibular hemimelia or proximal femoral focal deficiency. A comparison of the radiographic and Such CFD cases in the past were called congenital short femur (CSF) to be distinguished from the more deformed-deficient-unstable cases called proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD) Proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD) is an uncommon problem, with an incidence ranging from 1 case per 50,000 population to 1 case per 200,000 population. [ 1] It is commonly grouped with.. Proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD), also known as Congenital Femoral Deficiency (CFD), is a rare, non-hereditary birth defect that affects the pelvis, particularly the hip bone, and the proximal femur. The disorder may affect one side or both, with the hip being deformed and the leg shortened Efficacy of MRI in classifying proximal focal femoral deficiency. Maldjian C (1), Patel TY, Klein RM, Smith RC. (1)New York Medical College, 95 Grasslands Road, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of MRI in classifying PFFD and to compare MRI to radiographic classification of PFFD

Establishing an early antenatal diagnosis of proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD) facilitates the choice of the optimal management strategy. Three-dimensional (3D) and four-dimensional (4D).. The term proximal focal femoral deficiency (PFFD) is applied to a spectrum of conditions characterized by partial absence and shortening of the proximal femora and thought to result from an early disturbance of growing mesenchyme. The mildest cases, Classes A and B, exhibit a relatively normal acetabulum an Proximal Focal Femoral Deficiency: Evaluation by MR Imaging MRI can help in evaluation of PFFD by defining the anatomy. MR demonstrates features of the acetabulum and cartilaginous femoral epiphysis and depicts ligamentous abnormalities of the knee. MRI can help in evaluation of PFFD by defining the anatomy

Proximal femoral focal deficiency: Treatment and

  1. ed in 49 patients before cartilaginous.
  2. PROXIMAL FEMORAL FOCAL DEFICIENCY-Definition, Classification, and Management Congenital anomalies of the proximal femur with or without involvement of the iliofemoral joint have been observed and reported for many years (1). The condition that has probably been best described and documented is congenital or infantiIe coxa vara (3-5, 7, 9, 12)
  3. of Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency. 2. To review the radiological classification of Proximal Focal Femoral Deficiency. 3. To illustrate the imaging modalities to used and spectrum of imaging findings in this disorder. Background • Proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD) is a rare congenital skeleta

Pffd 1. PROXIMAL FEMORAL FOCAL DEFICIENCY D R . FA D I K H A S AW N E H 2. Definition A development defect of the proximal femur recognizable at birth in which the femur is shorter than normal and there is apparent discontinuity between the femoral neck and shaft PFFD consists of partial skeletal defect in the proximal femur with a variably unstable hip joint, shortening Aitken GT: Proximal femoral deficiency. Definition, classification and management, in: A Symposium on Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency—A Congenital Anomaly. National Academy of Sciences, 1969. Google Scholar. 4. Amstutz HC, Wilson PD Jr: Dysgenesis of the proximal femur (coxa vara) and its surgical management. J Bone Joint Surg Am 44-A: 1. To evaluate the efficacy of MRI in classifying PFFD and to compare MRI to radiographic classification of PFFD. Radiographic and MRI classification of the cases was performed utilizing the Amstutz classification system. Retrospective evaluation of radiographs and MRI exams in nine hips of eight patients with proximal focal femoral deficiency was performed by two radiologists Congenital Femoral Deficiency. Congenital femoral deficiency (CFD) is a rare birth defect that is characterized by a short femur, associated with hip and knee deformity, deficiency, or instability. The more severe types were previously known as proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD). To learn more about Congenital Femoral Deficiency, download.

Proximal focal femoral deficiency Radiology Reference

Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency (PFFD) is a rare (1:50,000 live births) but a complex congenital anomaly that results in broad spectrum of femoral deficiencies. Mild forms results in minor hypoplasia of the femur, whereas severe involvement may results in complete agenesis of femur; resulting into limb shortening and pelvic abnormalities femur, or true proximal femoral focal deficiency. Despite the variations with age however, the radiographic appearance of the Group I femur in infancy will show the bulbous stable appearance as described by Fixsen and Lloyd-Roberts (1974), and with time further ossification of the proximal femur will proceed with varying degrees of coxa vara PROXIMAL FEMORAL FOCAL DEFICIENCY-Definition, Classification, and Management. Congenital anomalies of the proximal femur with or without involvement of the iliofemoral joint have been observed and reported for many years (1). The condition that has probably been best described and documented is congenital or infantiIe coxa vara (3-5, 7, 9, 12)

Please Note: You may not embed one of our images on your web page without a link back to our site. If you would like a large, unwatermarked image for your web page or blog, please purchase the appropriate license Diagnosis, Classification, and Follow-up1 Congenital lower limb shortening is a group of relatively rare, het-erogeneous disorders. Proximal focal femoral deficiency (PFFD) and fibular hemimelia (FH) are the most common pathologic enti-ties in this disease spectrum. PFFD is characterized by variable de Proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD) is a subset of a broader group called congenital femoral deficiency. PFFD is also known as congenital proximal femoral deficiency (CPFD) [].It is a rare congenital anomaly with an incidence of 1.1-2.0 in 100,000 live births [2,3,4,5].PFFD has a female bias with a male-to-female ratio of 1:2 [].Most cases of PFFD are unilateral (85-90%); PFFD is. In addition to proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD), congenital hypoplasia of the femur is a principal sign of three other rare malformations, and a differential diagnosis had to be made between femur-fibula-ulna complex, femoral hypoplasia/unusual facies syndrome and limb/pelvis-hypoplasia/aplasia syndrome 1. On the basis of the. Aitken, G.T.: Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency - Definition, Classification, and Management. In Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency and Bochmann, Deitrich: The Surgical and Prosthetic Management of Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency. In Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency. A Congenital Anomaly, pp. 77-99. Edited by G. T. Aitken..

Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency in the Aitken Classification. Type A Type A proximal femoral focal deficiency can be realigned by osteotomy for better mechanical leverage. This procedure should be done at the subtrochanteric level, and the osteotomy site can be held by internal fixation, pins, etc. A case in point is that of B.B., wh Bilateral proximal femoral focal deficiency occurred twice as frequently among males, and function at maturity was primarily dependent upon leg‐length differential, foot position and associated anomalies, and secondarily upon absolute leg‐length and pelvo‐femoral stability Radiographic and MRI classification of the cases was performed utilizing the Amstutz classification system. Retrospective evaluation of radiographs and MRI exams in nine hips of eight patients with proximal focal femoral deficiency was performed by two radiologists. The cases were classified by radiographs as Amstutz 1: n=3, Amstutz 3: n=3. Patella may be absent. Findings are obvious on conventional radiographs. MRI may show associated soft tissue abnormalities. Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency (PFFD). There is aplasia of the proximal right femur (white arrow) and shortening of the femur (black arrow). The acetabulum is not well-formed (red arrow). Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency Proximal femoral focal deficiency is also known as Congenital Femoral Deficiency (CFD) is a defect from birth. This disorder mainly affects the hip bone and proximal femur. Trishla Ortho provides treatment to children dealing with congenital femoral deficiencies from the last 21 years. Read more about how PFFD is diagnosed and treated. Visit us or Book an Appointment online

In: Aitken GT, ed. Proximal femoral focal deficiency: a congenital anomaly. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, 1969; 50-76. Fig. : Amstutz type 1; Aitken class A Plain radiograph demonstrating type 1 or class A PFFD, depending on classification system used Proximal focal femoral deficiency is another rare congenital skeletal abnormality and is characterized by the underdevelopment of the proximal part of the femur and shortening of the entire lower extremity. A case of upper limb meromelia accompanied by proximal focal femoral deficiency and fibular hemimelia in a neonate has previously been.

Keywords: Proximal femoral focal deficiency, Femur, Radiographs Background Proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD) is a subset of a broader group called congenita l femoral deficiency. PFFD is also known as congenital proximal femoral deficiency (CPFD) [1]. It is a rare congenital anomaly with an incidence of 1.1 - 2.0in100,000livebirths[2-5] Proximal focal femoral deficiency (PFFD) is a rare congenital anomaly characterised by failure of normal development of the proximal femur and hip joint. Significant variability in the clinical presentation and degree of deficiency is common Bilateral proximal femoral focal deficiency occurred twice as frequently among males, and function at maturity was primarily dependent upon leg-length differential, foot position and associated anomalies, and secondarily upon absolute leg-length and pelvo-femoral stability Congenital femoral deficiency (CFD), also known as proximal focal femoral deficiency (PFFD), is a congenital shortening of the femur. While congenital femoral deficiency more accurately reflects the nature of this condition, both names refer to the same diagnosis. CFD is a rare condition; one or two out of every 100,000 children are affected

Proximal femoral focal deficiency is a rare anomaly, occurring with a frequency of approximately 1/50,000-2,00,000 live births. This congenital anomaly characterized by failure of normal development of the proximal femur and hip joint, and usually seen with fibular aplasia/hypoplasia PROXIMAL FEMORAL FOCAL DEFICIENCY. Proximal femoral focal deficiency is a randomly occurring congenital abnormality of the proximal femur and hip joint. It is usually unilateral and in 68% of patients is accompanied by fibular hemimelia on the ipsilateral side. About 50% of the patients have skeletal abnormalities of other limbs as well Proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD), also known as Congenital Femoral Deficiency (CFD), is a rare, non-hereditary birth defect that affects the pelvis, particularly the hip bone, and the proximal femur.The disorder may affect one side or both, with the hip being deformed and the leg shortened.. It is commonly linked with the absence or shortening of a leg bone (fibular hemimelia) and the. Proximal femoral focal deficiency refers to congenital absence or hypoplasia of the proximal femur. It is characterized by a short femur with proximal deficiency and varus deformity of the femoral neck. The Aitken classification divides proximal femoral focal deficiency into four categories. The Amstutz classification subdivides Aitken class A.

Proximal focal femoral deficiency | Radiology Reference

Proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD) is a rare congenital skeletal anomaly which may be associated with other osseous defects. The incidence of the deficiency ranges from 1 case per 50,000 population to 1 case per 200, 000 population. PFFD is bilateral in 15% of cases (1).In individuals with PFFD, the proximal femur is partially absent. Proximal femoral focal deficiency, an uncommon congenital anomaly, necessitates early radiologic classification for surgical planning and treatment. Objective radiographic criteria, including femoral length index, acetabular depth index, acetabular angle index, and shape of the proximal femur were determined in 49 patients before cartilaginous ossification of the femoral capital epiphysis. femoral headandaidinevaluating thedegree ofhipinstabil-ity. Unlike othercauses ofleglength discrepancy, suchas congenital idiopathic coxavara, proximal femoral focaldefi-ciencyisoftenassociated withothercongenital bonyanoma-lies,mostcommonly ipsilateral absent orhypoplastic fibula. Introduction Proximal femoral focal deficiency isacongenital ab The term proximal focal femoral deficiency (PFFD) is used to describe congenital femoral deficiency and deformity of the proximal femur to be distinguished from the congenital short femur. 6 However, the more comprehensive term congenital femoral deficiency (CFD) 15 better describes the spectrum of deficiency, deformity, and discrepancy ranging from the congenital short femur to the most.

This classification takes into account the anatomic relationship between the acetabulum and the proximal end of the femur, and has prognostic significance. PFFD is not associated with ob- stetric complications. The management of proximal femoral focal deficiency requires a multidisciplinary team, which includes the pe Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency: A case report Section. Musculoskeletal system . Case Type. Clinical Cases Authors. Chethan Belgur S, Yugandhara Shah, Brig R S Moorth DESIGN: Radiographic and MRI classification of the cases was performed utilizing the Amstutz classification system. PATIENTS: Retrospective evaluation of radiographs and MRI exams in nine hips of eight patients with proximal focal femoral deficiency was performed by two radiologists BACKGROUND: Proximal focal femoral deficiency (PFFD) is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by abnormal development of the proximal femur. The most common radiographic classification (Aitken) does not evaluate the cartilaginous and soft-tissue abnormalities Proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD) is a spectrum of congenital osseous anomalies characterized by a deficiency in the structure of the proximal femur. Thirteen patients with PFFD were classified based on a system describing acetabular shape and femoral position. Radiological evaluation includes identification and description of the PFFD and evaluation of the associated limb anomalies, of.

The classification and treatment of proximal femoral

Two groups were defined: Group I consisted of those with congenital hypoplastic femur in which the hip and knee could be made functional and where, in some patients at least, leg equalisation was possible; Group II consisted of those with true proximal focal femoral deficiency where the hip joint was never normal and the knee joint was always. Kayser R et al: Proximal focal femoral deficiency -- a rare entity in the sonographic differential diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip,. Ultraschall Med. 26 (5):379-84, 2005. Kayser R et al: Proximal focal femoral deficiency--a rare entity in the sonographic differential diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip The diagnosis of proximal focal femoral deficiency (PFFD) was confirmed on plain radiograph (figure 1). Interval plain radiographs subsequently showed normal femoral head morphology, normal acetabular development, a continuous bony connection between femoral head and diaphysis and a mild varus deformity in the subtrochanteric region

Start studying PROXIMAL FEMORAL FOCAL DEFICIENCY (PFFD) Clinical Pathology HEA 508. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools proximal femoral focal deficiency-definition, classification, and management 1 george t. aitken some concepts of proximal femoral focal deficiency 23 richard e. king the morphology, natural history, and treatment of 5 Proximal Femoral Focal Dysplasia. [Deficiency of the proximal femoral segment] The term proximal focal femoral deficiency is applied to a spectrum of malformations in which aplasia of the proximal femur, deficiency of the iliofemoral articulation, and limb length discrepancy occur in varying degrees (Bryant and Epps 1991) (Fig. 5.31a-c)

Congenital Anomalies of Bone | Radiology Key

Proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD) is the third most common congenital length deformity of the lower extremity. According to Applied Radiology Online, the incidence of PFFD ranges from one case per 50,000 to one case per 200,000 children. Typically, in children with PFFD, the proximal femur is partially absent resulting in varying degrees. Proximal focal femoral deficiency (PFFD) and fibular hemimelia (FH) are the most common pathologic entities in this disease spectrum. PFFD is characterized by variable degrees of shortening or absence of the femoral head, with associated dysplasia of the acetabulum and femoral shaft 1. Introduction. Isolated femoral hypoplasia is a rare congenital limb anomaly with an incidence of 1.1-2 in 100 000 live births. Its prenatal diagnosis has increased with the widespread use of fetal ultrasonography [].Mental disorders and chromosomal abnormalities are not usually present with proximal focal femoral deficiency (PFFD) Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency: a 50‐year Experience Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency: a 50‐year Experience Koman, L. Andrew; Meyer, Leslie C.; Warren, Frederic H. 1982-08-01 00:00:00 Introduction Proximal femoral focal deficiency is a congenital limb deficiency of the pelvis and proximal femur, resulting in hip deformity, and shortening and altered function o f t h e involved lower limb

Background: Because there is limited information concerning the cruciate ligaments in proximal femoral focal deficiency, knee arthroscopy was used to identify the changes of cruciate ligaments and their relation to the different types of this deficiency. Methods: Knee arthroscopy was performed in 21 consecutive patients with deficiency types III, IV, VII-IX using the Pappas classification Children are sometimes born with defects of the hip joint and upper thigh bone, called proximal femoral focal deficiency, often abbreviated to PFFD. Surgical treatment, aiming to produce as functional a leg as possible, may be appropriate Dr. Dror Paley is a doctor who specializes in lengthening reconstructive surgery (LRS) using the Ilizarov Technique. He wrote in his paper Lengthening Reconstruction Surgery for Congenital Femoral Deficiency. Classifications of congenital short femur and proximal femoral focal deficiency ( PFFD ) are descriptive but are not helpful in determining treatment....My classification system is based. Proximal femoral focal deficiency, anuncommon congenital anomaly, necessitates early radiologic classifi-cation forsurgical planning and treatment. Objective radiographic criteria, including femoral length index, acetabular depth index, ace-tabular angle index, andshape of theproximal femur were deter-mined in49patients before cartilag

Proximal focal femoral deficiency - PubMe

Proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD) is a rare congen-ital anomaly, appearing in 1 of 50 000 live births. PFFD con-sists in an ample spectrum of defects ranging from a mini-mal hypoplasia of the femur up to an almost absence of this bone [1-3]. The most frequent form consists in a partial bone defect of the proximal femur with variable. (PFFD) Proximal femoral focal deficiency is a rare, non-hereditary birth defect that affects pelvis, particularly the hip bone, and the proximal femur. The disorder may affect one side or both with the hip being deformed and the leg shortened

Proximal Femoral Focal Dificienc

Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency: A case report Section. Musculoskeletal system . Case Type. Clinical Cases Authors. Chethan Belgur S, Yugandhara Shah, Brig R S Moorth Proximal femoral focal deficiency - a case report Abstract Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency (PFFD) is a rare and complex congenital anomaly (1:50,000-200,000 population) that results in varying degrees of femoral hypoplasia with limb shortening and pelvic abnormalities. It may be presen

Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency - Pediatrics - Orthobullet

Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency, or PFFD, comes in different classifications ranging from A, a small bone deficiency, to D, a large bone defect. I was born with class D. My femur bone was less than 2 cm and my knee does not bend. Since the age of 2, I have undergone numerous surgeries to have my leg lengthened proximal femoral dysplasia INTRODUCTION Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency (PFFD) is a congenital abnormality of the lower limb which can be as simple as the shortening of the femoral head and neck or as severe as the absence of the acetabulum and proximal femur [1], [2]. It is Figure 1: Aitken classification of proximal focal femoral deficiencies (A1) The femoral head may ossify late but it's presence is indicated by a well developed acetabulum. A subtrochanteric defect will also later ossify providing bony continuity. (A2) Occasionally a subtrochanteric pseudarthosis develops

Q72.4 Longitudinal reduction defect of femur Proximal femoral focal deficiency. Note: Avoid using the generic Q71, Q72 or Q73 codes for intercalary limb deficiencies. These generic codes include other limb deficiencies. Diagnosis. Prenatal. Transverse intercalary limb deficiency can be suspected prenatally, but is easily missed or misdiagnosed For example, in the case of proximal focal femoral dysplasia, the presence of ankle range of motion and stability with lack of knee function may be corrected with rotationplasty surgery, which offers superior control and function over an above-the-knee amputation with mechanical prosthetic knee. 18 The presence or absence of active knee. Congenital femoral deficiency also known as proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD) is an uncommon problem, with an incidence ranging from 1 case per 50,000 population to 1 case per 200,000 population.1 In general, in individuals with PFFD, the proximal femur is partially absent, and the entire limb is overall shortened Aitken G T. Proximal femoral focal deficiency - definition, classification and management. In: Proximal femoral focal deficiency: a congenital anomaly (ed Aitken G T). National Academy of Sciences Washington DC 1969: 1-22. Brown K L B. Resection, rotationplasty, and femoropelvic arthrodesis in severe congenital femoral deficiency

Etiology: Proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD) refers to abnormalities that range from mild shortening and hypoplasia of the femur to severe deficiency of the bone and dysplasia of the acetabulum. The defect is thought to be a result of altered proliferation and maturation of the chondrocytes of the proximal femoral physis in utero, which in turn results in underdevelopment of the. Congenital coxa vara is usually associated with a congenitally short femur, but may be associated with all degrees of proximal femoral focal deficiency. 9,10 It is nearly always unilateral. Femoral deformity is present in the subtrochanteric area where the bone is bent, the cor- tices are thickened, and there may be an associated overlying skin.

Proximal focal femoral deficiency (PFFD) - In this condition underdevelopment to complete absence of thigh segment can occur. They can have present in variety of manner from minor shortening of femur to complete absence of femur bone with associated anomaly of leg & knee. Management plan in PFFD is also based on Paley classification Levinson ED, Ozonoff MB, Royen PM. Proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD). Radiology 1977; 125:197-203. CAS Article Google Scholar 6. Aitken G. Proximal femoral focal deficiency. Definitions, classification and management. In: Aitken GT, editor. Proximal focal femoral deficiency, a congenital anomaly. A symposium 1. Proximal Focal Femoral Deficiency may occur in about 15% of the cases. Thus, these cases include femoral shortening, valgus distal femur, hypoplastic lateral femoral condyle, retroversion of femur and bifid femur, Distal Femoral Duplication, and Fibular Agenesis Associated wit Fibular Deficiency (anteromedial bowing) Fibular Deficiency is a congenital condition caused by shortening or absence of the fibula which typically presents with anteromedial bowing of the tibia and a leg length discrepancy. Diagnosis is made with radiographs of the tibia. Treatment may be observation or operative depending on degree of fibular. Deficiency - a lack; less than the normal amount. In other words, the end of the thigh bone closest to the hip is too short or not completely developed. PFFD is a congenital anomaly (birth defect) characterized by a failure of normal development of the proximal (upper) end of the femur (thigh bone)

A girl with known proximal femoral focal deficiency presented with Perthes' disease at 5 years of age. Her treatment involved a Salter osteotomy. This in conjunction with articular incongruence, due to deformity of the femoral head, resulted in mixed type femoroacetabular impingement when she was 10 years old. Surgical hip dislocation and femoral neck osteochondroplasty successfully relieved. Thieme E-Books & E-Journals. Full-text search Full-text search; Author Search; Title Search; DOI Searc PFFD[Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency] - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. proximal femoral focal deficiency Proximal femoral focal deficiency. J Bone Joint Surg Br.1978;60:46-52. 1 2. Gillespie R, Torode IP. Classification and management of congenital abnormalities of the femur. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1983;65:557-568. 1 3. Chomiak J, Horák M, Masek M, Frydrychová M, Dungl P. Computed tomographic angiography in proximal femoral focal deficiency Femoral deficiencies include the spectrum of the congenital short femur with a stable hip joint and a knee without significant contracture to proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD). The prevalence of tibial deficiencies is far less than either fibular or femoral deficiencies and is reported to be approximately one per million live births

Proximal femoral focal deficiency (class A) | RadiologyLong-term follow-up of thalidomide embryopathyFigure 5 from Congenital femoral deficiency: a rare caseRadiographic Classification of Proximal Femoral FocalCongenital Femoral Deficiency Reconstruction andProximal Femoral Focal Deficiency - PediatricsPffd

Congenital femoral focal deficiency (CFFD), tibialhemimelia, fibular hemimelia, radial club hand is the common congenital limb deficiency problem. Congenital femoral deficiency: it is spectrum of femoral deficiency, deformity and discrepancy. CFD can have various component like Knee and hip Joint malformation, mal function, joint instability. Figure 132-2 Aitken classification of proximal femoral focal deficiency. Figure 132-3 Aiken type 3 proximal femoral focal deficiency of the left hip in a 4-week-old boy. The femur is substantially short and the left acetabulum is severely dysplastic. Mild developmental dysplasia of the right acetabulum is present Proximal femoral deficiency or congenital short femur is a rare congenital bony anomaly manifested by failure of normal development of a variable portion of proximal femur with functional abnormality. A radiological classification proposed by Aitken [6] is used in diagnosis and management. SD is a dermatologic complication of long-term D Biko DM, Davidson R, Pena A, Jaramillo D. Proximal focal femoral deficiency: evaluation by MR imaging. Pediatr Radiol 2012; 42:50. Dillon JE, Connolly SA, Connolly LP, et al. MR imaging of congenital/developmental and acquired disorders of the pediatric hip and pelvis. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am 2005; 13:783 Congenital Femoral Deficiency (Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency) spectrum of congenital deformities affecting the femur CFD may range from simple shortening of a normal-appearing femur to the complete absence of the proximal two-thirds of the bone Proximal femoral focal deficiency (dysgenesis of proximal femur or congenital short femur) is a rare congenital skeletal anomaly manifested by failure of normal development of a variable portion of the proximal femur1. The bony defect denotes the entity as a femoral deficiency, and this focal lesion always involves the proximal segment of the.